Linux stat命令详解

stat:查看文件或者文件系统的状态  –>可以查看时间等属性

stat常见命令参数

Usage: stat [OPTION]... FILE...
Display file or file system status.

-L, --dereference     follow links
-Z, --context         print the SELinux security context 
-f, --file-system     display file system status instead of file status
-c  --format=FORMAT   use the specified FORMAT instead of the default;
                        output a newline after each use of FORMAT
    --printf=FORMAT   like --format, but interpret backslash escapes,
                        and do not output a mandatory trailing newline.
                        If you want a newline, include \n in FORMAT.
-t, --terse           print the information in terse form
    --help     display this help and exit
    --version  output version information and exit


Valid format sequences for file systems:

  %a   Free blocks available to non-superuser
  %b   Total data blocks in file system
  %c   Total file nodes in file system
  %d   Free file nodes in file system
  %f   Free blocks in file system
  %C   SELinux security context string
  %i   File System ID in hex
  %l   Maximum length of filenames
  %n   File name
  %s   Block size (for faster transfers)
  %S   Fundamental block size (for block counts)
  %t   Type in hex
  %T   Type in human readable form

常用的命令展示

查看/etc/hosts文件信息

stat /etc/hosts
Access: 2018-06-30 22:04:51.110015002 –0700   --> find  atime
Modify: 2015-06-08 20:34:49.508018898 –0700   --> find  mtime
Change: 2015-06-08 20:34:49.508018898 –0700   --> find  ctime 

image

查看文件属性权限   -c :格式化

stat -c %a /etc/hosts

image


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