Linux chown命令详解

chown将指定文件的拥有者改为指定的用户或组,用户可以是用户名或者用户ID;组可以是组名或者组ID;文件是以空格分开的要改变权限的文件列表,支持通配符。

chown常见命令参数

Usage: chown [OPTION]... [OWNER][:[GROUP]] FILE...
  or:  chown [OPTION]... --reference=RFILE FILE...
Change the owner and/or group of each FILE to OWNER and/or GROUP.
  -c, --changes          like verbose but report only when a change is made
      --dereference      affect the referent of each symbolic link (this is
                         the default), rather than the symbolic link itself
  -h, --no-dereference   affect each symbolic link instead of any referenced
                         file (useful only on systems that can change the
                         ownership of a symlink)
      --from=CURRENT_OWNER:CURRENT_GROUP
                         change the owner and/or group of each file only if
                         its current owner and/or group match those specified
                         here.  Either may be omitted, in which case a match
                         is not required for the omitted attribute.
      --no-preserve-root  do not treat `/' specially (the default)
      --preserve-root    fail to operate recursively on `/'
  -f, --silent, --quiet  suppress most error messages
      --reference=RFILE  use RFILE's owner and group rather than
                         specifying OWNER:GROUP values
  -R, --recursive        operate on files and directories recursively
  -v, --verbose          output a diagnostic for every file processed

The following options modify how a hierarchy is traversed when the -R
option is also specified.  If more than one is specified, only the final
one takes effect.

  -H                     if a command line argument is a symbolic link
                         to a directory, traverse it
  -L                     traverse every symbolic link to a directory
                         encountered
  -P                     do not traverse any symbolic links (default)

      --help     display this help and exit
      --version  output version information and exit
Examples:
  chown root /u        Change the owner of /u to "root".
  chown root:staff /u  Likewise, but also change its group to "staff".
  chown -hR root /u    Change the owner of /u and subfiles to "root".

常用的命令展示         
   

改变文件拥有者和群组

chown omd: h.txt 【默认是当前用户所在的属组】
chown omd:users h.txt

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